West Java regional musical instruments have their own characteristics compared to music from other regions. Now maybe we are more familiar with modern musical instruments, such as guitars, pianos, violins and so on. But before the emergence of various modern musical instruments, there were already traditional musical instruments.
More and more traditional cultures are being abandoned, including regional musical instruments . However, there are still many young people who participate in preserving traditional tools from West Java, such as angklung and distilled. Both musical instruments are often displayed as traditional musical instruments.
Actually, there are many other regional musical instruments that should be proud and preserved so that our children and grandchildren can get to know the musical instrument later. That is why we will review the most popular traditional musical instruments from West Java through the article below.
Rebab Made of Copper
This musical instrument from West Java turned out to have existed since there was a 9th AD and still survives today. While sailing, Middle Eastern traders brought rebabs into Indonesia. Musical instrument made of copper has 3 strings or strings as a sound producer.
With the passage of time, there was a change in the basic material of making rebabs that were originally made of copper and now many rebabs are found made of wood with a shape resembling an arrow. The way to play it is to swipe the strings, just like when you play a modern musical instrument, namely the violin.
Distilled Musical Instruments Made of Bamboo
Next there is the most popular West Java musical instrument, which is named distilled. Musical instruments made of bamboo or wood are played by blowing the available holes. In addition to inflatable holes, there are also holes to set the tone so that the number of holes varies, ranging from 4 to 8.
The number of holes is adjusted to the needs of the song to be played. Most West Java distilled have 4 holes in accordance with Sundanese songs that are often played. The existence of distilled is very important as a musical instrument because it is able to provide melodies to the singing of songs so that there is a very thick traditional tone.
A typical West Java musical instrument that is no less popular is karinding. This unique musical instrument must be placed on the lips to play it. Then, you can pat the beater to produce a sound resonance from the grip and fingertips that pat the instrument.
Bamboo is often used as a currymaking material, although there is also karinding from palm tree fronding. Usually, karinding from palm trees is used for men, while bamboo curry is used for women. In the past, karinding was not only used as a musical instrument, but as a midge in the rice fields.
Calung Musical Instruments
Most people cannot distinguish between calung with other traditional West Java musical instruments , namely angklung because it looks the same at first glance. Calung is made of awi wulung bamboo or black bamboo and there are also calung made of another type of bamboo, ater bamboo.
This beat musical instrument is played according to the type of calungnya, whether tote calung or calung rantay. Tote touts are played using the right hand only, while the left hand to hold the calung. Calung rantay is played with both hands hitting him. How to sit the player must be cross-legged to facilitate hand movement.
Multitonal and Double-Pitched Angklung
Although not a West Javan, surely you already know this traditional tool because it is often exhibited as one of the popular traditional musical instruments from West Java. Tools made of bamboo are also known as multitonal or double-pitched.
How to play it also seems easy, namely by shaking the musical instrument. The impact of the bamboo body becomes a source of sound producing with different tones, in accordance with the angklung used. Because the overall vibration of the musical instrument is able to produce sound, the angklung belongs to the idiophone musical instrument.
Tarawangsa Similar to Rebab
In appearance, tarawangsa may have similarities with rebabs, but the difference in the number of tarwangsa strings is only two pieces. Unlike the rebab that has three strings so you can already distinguish the two musical instruments that come from West Java more easily and quickly.
Even though you have two strings, you can only play one string by swiping it. Meanwhile, the other strings are played by being plucked using the index finger of the left hand. Tarawangsa is often played with other musical instruments, such as Jentreng to produce such a beautiful tone or melody.
Traditional Musical Instruments, Lute
Another interesting West Java regional musical instrument is the lute. In Sundanese tembang, the presence of lute as a musical instrument accompaniment is very important. This is related to two functions of the lute, namely the parent lute and the child’s lute when accompanying traditional Sundanese music so it is important to get to know the lute.
The parent lute has the task of determining the tempo, starting the music and the lute used usually has 18-20 strings. Unlike the lute of children who serve as accompaniments of high-frequency music. The number of strings there is less, which is 15 pieces than the number of strings for the parent lute.
Arumba Traditional Musical Instruments
Another musical instrument from West Java that we should learn is arumba. For some people may still be unfamiliar with the name of this traditional musical instrument , especially for people outside West Java. Arumba belongs to the ensemble group or a combination of several musical instruments at once.
This musical instrument is made of quality bamboo, for example, black bamboo (wulung), bamboo rope or bamboo awi temen. Although it is a combination of several musical instruments, but in the end arumba became a musical and its own type of music that we know from some traditional West Java songs.
Jenglong as Basic Sound Maker
Another West Java musical instrument that should not be missed is Jenglong. Jenglong serves as a basic song framework or sound maker so its role is very important in playing traditional West Java music. Even so, many of us are not familiar with musical instruments in this West Java area.
Special hitters are used to hit Jenglong to produce sounds or sounds. The beater used in this musical instrument is made of special materials to produce the right sound. Usually, this beater has a coating to make it more soft, be it from wool or from knitted thread.
Bamboo Leather Logpool
Finally, we will get to know a traditional tool called celempung made of bamboo leather. The sound is produced by utilizing resonance in the bamboo stick segment. That’s why it is not easy to make this traditional musical instrument because each rod must have a different shape and size.
Celempung has two strings with different functions, namely strings for pelog tones and strings for slendro tones so that they can be used for siteran again. In addition to the celempung, siter is also often used in gamelan siteran instruments as a characteristic that is still preserved today.
There are still many traditional musical instruments that you can find from West Java with their own uniqueness. Most traditional musical instruments are made of nature, be it wood or bamboo so it really feels the traditional impression displayed. So, do not stop to continue to get to know the typical Musical Instruments of West Java.